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Nuclear Iran: Tehran denounces "broken promises" of Europeans


On Saturday, Iran announced the launch of advanced centrifuges to increase its stock of enriched uranium.

The head of the Iranian Organization for Atomic Energy (IAEA), Ali Akbar Salehi, and the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Cornel Feruta, Sunday, September 8, in Tehran. HO / AFP

The head of the Organization of Iranian Atomic Energy (OIEA) estimated Sunday, September 8, that Tehran had no choice but to reduce its commitments under the agreement on its nuclear program, because "broken promises" by Europeans.

Ali Akbar Salehi made the remarks alongside Cornel Feruta, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), visiting Tehran. The visit follows the announcement by Iran of the launch of advanced centrifuges to increase its stock of enriched uranium.

Tehran began to withdraw from its obligations in May, in response to Washington's unilateral withdrawal from the agreement in 2018 and the inability of the European text parties (Germany, France, United Kingdom) to help it bypass sanctions reinstated by the United States. "The European Union was supposed to replace the United States but, unfortunately, it failed to keep its promises," said Ali Akbar Salehi.

"The ways of dialogue are always open"

"We have heard the EU spokesman say that [the Europeans] will maintain their commitments [made in Vienna in 2015] as long as Iran does the same ," he said. Is their commitment not to keep their promises? Unfortunately, that's what the Europeans have done so far. The Iran nuclear deal was supposed to be a two-way street, again the head of the OIEA. "If it becomes a one-way street, the Islamic Republic of Iran will undoubtedly make the right decisions at the right time as it did with these three steps" of reducing its commitments.

France, engaged in a mediation effort to start a dialogue between Tehran and Washington, Thursday called on Iran to "refrain from any concrete action not in accordance with its commitments . " Sunday, the head of the French diplomacy, Jean-Yves Le Drian, affirmed that "the ways of the dialogue are always open" with Teheran, which however must give up "with this type of actions which hinder the process of de-escalation" .

The 2015 Vienna agreement provides for the lifting of part of the international sanctions that have isolated Iran for years, in exchange for a drastic limitation of its nuclear program to ensure that the country does not equip itself with the weapon atomic. By reducing its commitments, Tehran - which has always denied wanting the nuclear bomb - intends to put pressure on the states parties to the agreement to help it bypass US sanctions.

Since May, Tehran has increased its stocks of enriched uranium beyond the limit set by the agreement, and enriches this ore to 4.5%, higher than the ceiling set (3.67%), but very far from threshold required for military use.

Explanations: Iranian nuclear: why does the agreement provide for a maximum uranium enrichment threshold?

On Saturday, OIEA reported that 20 IR-4 and 20 IR-6 type centrifuges had been activated. The Vienna Agreement allows Tehran to produce enriched uranium only with first-generation centrifuges (IR-1).

Source: lemonde

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